MIAL

Mark Drew

http://www.cs.sfu.ca/people/Faculty/Profile/mark.html

Assistant Professor, Faculty of Applied Sciences
Centre For Scientific Computing
School of Computing Science
Collaborators, Usability, and VIsualization GRUVI = GRaphics
Faculty, Vision and Media Lab

B.A.Sc.
M.Sc.
Ph.D.

 
Office
TASC-1 8221

Phone
Office
778-782-4682

 

Research Interests

My current research interests center around the areas of (1) computer vision, focussing on shape information from multicoloured lighting environments and on image and video indexing using colour and normalized colour descriptors; (2) computer algorithms for colour reproduction, with special attention to white-point preserving colour characterization and colour correction algorithms; and (3) spectral modelling in computer graphics applications, especially interference phenomena with respect to raytracing.

An active research field in computer vision concerns the area of human and machine vision with respect to recovery of depth cues from colour images. I have shown that under conditions of illumination by light that varies spectrally with surface orientation, as under room lighting combined with daylighting, say, along with the ubiquitous effects of coloured interreflections in closed environments, a computer vision algorithm can recover surface orientation, and hence shape, from a single colour image. For this algorithm to succeed techniques from the area of robust statistics must be employed.

A particularly compelling reason to use robust statistics arises in situations in which surfaces have both a matte finish as well as highlight areas -- specularities. In this case, an ordinary least-squares approach goes awry in finding the ellipsoid in color space on which pixels lie in a Lambertian shading model. However, a robust regression can discount specularities if they are interpreted as outliers to the base model. The output of the regression is a matrix giving the linear relationship between the color and the surface normal, for non-outlier points, and is found as a root of the ellipsoid quadratic form. But this root is recovered only up to an arbitrary rotation. I solve this problem by developing a new smoothness condition which gives a closed-form solution for the recovery of the rotation.

Lab Affiliation

Vision and Media Lab

List of publications

PhD Students

Yinlong Sun
Jian Wang

MSc Students

Xiang (William) Zhong
James Au
Cheng Lu
Zinovi Tauber
Steven Kilthau

Research Projects

Perceptual Visualization of High-Dimensional Medical Images

Selected Publications


January 1, 1997
P.M. Hubel, G.D. Finlayson, J. Holm and M.S. Drew, Matrix Calculations for Digital Photography, 5th Color Imaging Conference: Color, Science, Systems and Applications Society for Imaging Science and Technology / Society for Information Display joint conference, Scottsdale, Arizona


January 1, 1997
G.D. Finlayson and M.S. Drew, White-point preserving color correction, 5th Color Imaging Conference: Color, Science, Systems and Applications, Society for Imaging Science and Technology / Society for Information Display joint conference, Scottsdale, Arizona.


January 1, 1996
G.D. Finlayson, J. Dueck, B.V. Funt and M.S. Drew, Color Eigenfaces, IEEE 3rd International Workshop on Image and Signal Processing, Manchester, England


January 1, 1996
G.D. Finlayson and M.S. Drew, The maximum ignorance assumption with positivity, 4th Color Imaging Conference: Color, Science, Systems and Applications, Society for Imaging Science and Technology / Society for Information Display joint conference, Scottsdale, Arizona


January 1, 1994
M.S. Drew and L.L. Kontesevich. Closed-form attitude determination under spectrally varying illumination. In Proc. IEEE Comp. Sco. Conf. on Comp. Vis. and Patt. Rec., pages 985-990, 1994.

Proc. Fourth Int. Conf. on Comp. Vision, Berlin,
January 1, 1993
C.D. Finlayson, M.S. Drew, and B.V. Funt. Color constancy: diagonal transforms suffice. In Proc. Fourth Int. Conf. on Comp. Vision, Berlin, pages 164-171. IEEE, 1993.

Proceedings: International Conference on Computer Vision, Osaka, Dec.4-7/90
January 1, 1990
M.S. Drew and B.V. Funt. Calculating surface reflectance using a single-bounce model of mutual reflection. In Proceedings: International Conference on Computer Vision, Osaka, Dec.4-7/90, pages 393-399. IEEE, 1990

Proceedings of the CSCSI/SCEIO Conference 1990
January 1, 1990
B.V. Funt, M.S. Drew, and J. Ho. Obtaining colour signal spectra for colour constancy. In Proceedings of the CSCSI/SCEIO Conference 1990, May 1990.

Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Proceedings
January 1, 1988
B.V. Funt and M.S. Drew. Color constancy computation in near-Mondrian scenes using a finite dimensional linear model. In Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Proceedings, pages 544-549. IEEE Computer Society, June 1988.


January 1, 1998
M.S. Drew, Jie Wei, and Ze-Nian Li, Illumination Invariant Video Transition Detection by Robust Thresholding, Electronic Imaging '98: Storage and Retrieval for Image and Video Databases VI. SPIE vol. 3312, pp. 188-201, January, 1998.
Download as postscript (compressed ".gzip").


January 1, 1997
M. S. Drew, Photometric Stereo Without Multiple Images, Human Vision and Electronic Imaging, 'SPIE/IS and T, vol. 3016, ftp: // fas.sfu.ca / pub / cs / mark / Spie97 / spie97.html

International Symposium on Computer Vision, Coral Gables, FL, Nov. 21-23,
January 1, 1995
M.S. Drew. Reduction of rank-reduced orientation- from problem with many unknown lights to two-image- known illuminant photometric stereo. In International Symposium on Computer Vision, Coral Gables, FL, Nov. 21-23, pages 419-424. IEEE, 1995.

2nd Color Imaging Conference: Color, Science, Systems and Applications. Scottsdale. Nov. 15-18,
January 1, 1994
M.S. Drew and G.D. Finlayson. Device-independent color via spectral sharpening. In 2nd Color Imaging Conference: Color, Science, Systems and Applications. Scottsdale. Nov. 15-18, pages 121-126. Society for Imaging Science & Technology (IS&T)/Society for Informaiton Display (SID) joint conference, 1994.

ECCV-92: Second European Conference on Computer Vision
January 1, 1992
B.V. Funt and M.S. Drew. Recovering shading from color images. In G. Sandini, editor, ECCV-92: Second European Conference on Computer Vision, pages 124-132. Springer-Verlag, 1992.


January 1, 1997
G.D. Finlayson and M. S. Drew, Constrained least-squares regression in color spaces, Journal of Electronic Imaging, 484--493


January 1, 1997
M.S. Drew, Direct Solution of Orientation-from-Color Problem using a Modification of Pentland's Light Source Direction Estimator, Computer Vision and Image Understanding, vol. 64, 286--299

CVGIP: Image Understanding,
January 1, 1994
M.S. Drew. Robust specularity detection from a single multi-illuminant color image. CVGIP: Image Understanding, 59:320-327, 1994.

J. Opt. Soc. Am,
January 1, 1994
G.D. Finlayson, M.S. Drew, and B.V. Funt. Color constancy: diagonal transforms suffice. J. Opt. Soc. Am, 11(11):3011-3019, Nov. 1994. Special issue on physics-based vision.

Workshop on Performance vs. Methodology in Computer Vision, Seattle, WA, June 24-25,
January 1, 1994
M.S. Drew. Outlier detection and physical model in the orientation-from-color problem. In Peter Meer and Robert M. Haralick, editors, Workshop on Performance vs. Methodology in Computer Vision, Seattle, WA, June 24-25, pages 124-133. NSF/ARPA and IEEE Computer Society, 1994.

Human Vision, Visual Processing and Digital Display IV,
January 1, 1993
G.D. Finlayson, M.S. Drew, and B.V. Funt. Enhancing von Kries adaptation via sensor transformations. In J.P. Allebach and B.E. Rogowitz, editors, Human Vision, Visual Processing and Digital Display IV, volume 1913 pages 473-484. SPIE, 1993.

J. Opt. Soc, Am. A
January 1, 1992
M.S. Drew and B.V. Funt. Variational approach to interreflection in color images. J. Opt. Soc, Am. A, 9(8):1255-1265, Aug. 1992.

IEEE Trans. Patt. Anal. and Mach. Intell.
January 1, 1992
B.V. Funt and M.S. Drew. Color space analysis of mutual illumination. IEEE Trans. Patt. Anal. and Mach. Intell., 1991. In Press; and reprinted in: Physics-Based Vision. Principles and Practices, Vol. 2, eds., G.E. Healey, S.A. Shafer, and L.B. Wolff, Jones and Bartlett, Boston, 1992, page 385.


January 1, 1992
G.D. Finlayson, M.S. Drew, and B.V. Funt. Spectral shapening: an optimal sensor transformation for color constancy, 1992. Submitted for publication.

Int. J. Computer Vision
January 1, 1991
B.V. Funt, M.S. Drew, and J. Ho. Color constancy from mutual reflection. Int. J. Computer Vision, 6:5-24, 1991. Reprinted in: Physics-Based Vision. Principles and Practics, Vol. 2, eds, G.E. Healey, S.A. Schafer, and L.B. Wolff, Jones and Bartlett, Boston, 1992, page 365.

IEEE Trans. Patt. Anal, and Mach, Intell.
January 1, 1990
J. Ho, B.V. Funt, and M.S. Drew. Separating a color signal into illumination and surface reflectance components: Theory and applications. IEEE Trans. Patt. Anal, and Mach, Intell., 12:966-977, 1990. Reprinted in: Physics-Based Vision. Principles and Practics, Vol. 2, eds. G.E. Healey, S.A. Schafer, and L.B. Wolff, Jones and Bartlett, Boston, 1992, page 272.

Nonlinear Analysis. Theory, Methods & Applications
January 1, 1989
M.S. Drew, S. Kloster, and J.D. Gegenberg. Lie group analysis and similarity solutions for the generalized Liouville equation. Nonlinear Analysis. Theory, Methods & Applications, 13:489-505, 1989.

Solar Energy: Journal of International Solar Energy Society
January 1, 1985
M. S. Drew. A ranking procedure for activwe solar heating systems. Solar Energy: Journal of International Solar Energy Society, 35:291-293, 1985.

Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and General
January 1, 1983
M.S. Drew. On a generalisation of self-coupled conformally covariant spin-2 equations. Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and General, 16:L37-L40, 1983.

Lettre al Nuovo Cimento
January 1, 1982
M. S. Drew and J.D. Gegenberg. Transformation from Minkowski to Euclidean Yang Mills solutions. Lettre al Nuovo Cimento, 33:14-16, 1982

Energy: The International Journal
January 1, 1980
M.S. Drew and R. Selvage. Equitable performance comparison and economic evaluation of active and passive solar energy systems. Energy: The International Journal, 5:407-415, 1980

Solar Energy: Journal of the International Solar Energy Society
January 1, 1980
M.S. Drew and R. Selvage. Sizing procedure and economic optimization methodology for seasonal storage solar systems. Solar Energy: Journal of the International Solar Energy Society, 25:79-83, 1980.

Il Nuovo Cimento
January 1, 1980
M.S. Drew and J.D. Gegenberg. Conformally covariant massless spin-two field equations. Il Nuovo Cimento, 60A:41-56, 1980.


January 1, 1979
M.S. Drew and R. Selvege. Correspondence between solar load ratio method for passive water wall systems and chart performance estimates. Solar Energy: Journal of the International Solar Energy Society, 23:327-331, 1979.

Solar Energy: Journal of the International Solar Energy Society
January 1, 1979
M. S. Drew and R. Selvege. Solar heating system performance estimation using sinusoidal inputs. Solar Energy: Journal of the International Solar Energy Society, 23:435-442, 1979.

Annals of Physics (N.Y.)
January 1, 1977
M. S. Drew. Conservation laws in de Sitter space from action principles in five-space. Annals of Physics (N.Y.), 103:469-495, 1977.

Canadian Journal of Physics
January 1, 1973
M. S. Drew. On the scale dimension of conformally covariant spinor fields. Canadian Journal of Physics, 51:1278-1280, 1973

Canadian Journal of Physics
January 1, 1972
M. S. Drew. On conformally covariant spinor field equations. Canadian Journal of Physics, 50:2100-2104. 1972.

Journal of Chemical Physics
January 1, 1971
M.S. Drew and D.F. Williams. Comment concerning the diffusion coefficient of triplet excitons in anthracene. Journal of Chemical Physics, 54:1844-1845, 1971.

ACM SIGCSE Bulletin
January 1, 1984
M.S. Drew and S.D. Caplin. Batch Logo - a strategy for introducing PL/1 and structured programming to gifted high school students. ACM SIGCSE Bulletin, 16(2):13-16, 1984

AIBC Forum: Architectural Institure of British Columbia
January 1, 1978
R. Selvage and M.S. Drew. A new perspective on solar energy utilization in Canada. AIBC Forum: Architectural Institure of British Columbia, 2:14-15, 1978.

Introduction to a Second Programming Language - FORTRAN. Computing Science 114-1 Study Guide
January 1, 1992
M.S. Drew. Introduction to a Second Programming Language - FORTRAN. Computing Science 114-1 Study Guide. School of Computing Science and Centre for Distance Education, SFU, 1992.

Introduction to a Second Programming Language - Pascal. Computing Science 115-1 Study Guide
January 1, 1992
M.S. Drew. Introduction to a Second Programming Language - Pascal. Computing Science 115-1 Study Guide. School of Computing Science and Centre for Distance Education, SFU, 1992.


January 1, 1995
M.S. Drew. 2 goes into 3: Reduction of rank-reduced orientation-from-color problems with many unknown lights to two-image known-illuminant photometric stereo. Technical Report CSS/LCCR TR 95-08, Simon Fraser University School of Computing Science, 1995. Available using ftp://fas.sfu.ca/pub/cs/tec reports/1995/ as CSS-LCCR95-08.ps.Z.


January 1, 1994
G.D. Finlayson and M.S. Drew. White-point preserving data transforms in color spaces. Technical Report CSS/LCCR TR 94-22, Simon Fraser University School of Computing Science, 1994. Available using ftp://fas.sfu.ca/pub/cs/ techreports/1994/ as CSS-LCCR94-22.ps.Z.


January 1, 1994
M.S. Drew and L.L. Kontsevich. Closed-form attitude determination under spectrally varying illumination. Technical Report CSS/LCCR TR 94-02, Simon Fraser University School of Computing Science, 1994. Available using ftp://fas.sfu.ca/ pub/cs/techreports/1994/ as CSS-LCCR94-02.ps.Z.


January 1, 1993
G.D. Finlayson, M.S. Drew, and B.V. Funt. Color constancy: diagonal transforms suffice. Technical Report CSS/LCCR TR 93-02, Simon Fraser University School of Computing Science, 1993.


January 1, 1993
M.S. Drew. Shape and specularity from color. Technical Report CSS/LCCR TR 93-01, Simon Fraser University School of Computing Science, 1993. Available using ftp/gopher from fas.sfu.ca in directory /pub/cs/techreports/1993 as CSS-LCCR93-01.ps.Z.


January 1, 1992
M.S. Drew. Shape from color, Technical Report CSS/LCCR TR 92-07, Simon Fraser University School of Computing Science, 1992.


January 1, 1991
B.V. Funt and M.S. Drew. Recovering shading from color images. Technical Report CSS/LCCR TR 91-08, Simon Fraser University School of Computing Science, 1991.


January 1, 1991
B.V. Funt and M.S. Drew. Color space analysis of mutual illumination. Technical Report CSS/LCCR TR 91-03, Simon Fraser University School of Computing Science, 1991.


January 1, 1991
G.D. Finlayson, M.S. Drew, and B.V. Funt. Spectral sharpening: sensor transformations for improved color constancy. Technical Report CSS/LCCR TR 91-14, Simon Fraser University School of Computing Science, 1991


January 1, 1990
M.S. Drew and B.V. Funt. Recovering the best colour signal from an RGB signal. Technical Report CSS/LCCR TR 90-05, Simon Fraser University School of Computing Science, 1990


January 1, 1990
M.S. Drew and B.V. Funt. Variational approacj to mutual illumination in color images. Technical Report CSS/LCCR TR 90-21, Simon Fraser University School of Computing Science, 1990.


January 1, 1989
B.V. Funt, M.S. Drew, and J. Ho. Color constancy from mutual reflection. Technical Report CSS/LCCR TR 89-02, Simon Fraser University School of Computing Science. 1989.


January 1, 1988
J. Ho, B.V. Funt, and M.S. Drew. Disambifuation of illumination and surface reflectance from spectral power distribution of colour signal: Theory and applications. Technical Report CSS/LCCR TR 88-19, Simon Fraser University School of Computing Science, 1988.

(30 Minute Video)
January 1, 1979
M.S. Drew. Soft energy paths: Broad-brush design for an energy strategy. (30 Minute Video), Satellite Video Exchange, Vancouver, 1978.

Tech. Report SFU-CMPT TR 97-07
January 1, 1998
M.S. Drew, Jie Wei, and Ze-Nian Li, On Illumination Invariance in Color Object Recognition, Pattern Recognition, vol. 31, num.7, 1998. Also in: Tech. Report SFU-CMPT TR 97-07, 1997.
Download as postscript (compressed ".gzip").


January 1, 1997
M.S. Drew, Jie Wei, and Ze-Nian Li, Illumination-Invariant Color Object Recognition via Compressed Chromaticity Histograms of Normalized Images, ICCV '98 533-540. Also in: Tech. Report SFU-CMPT TR 97-09, 1997.
Download as postscript (compressed ".gzip").


Journal of Electronic Imaging
January 1, 1997
G.D. Finlayson and M.S. Drew. Constrained least-squares regression in color spaces, Journal of Electronic Imaging, vol. 6, pp. 484-493, Oct. 1997.
Download as postscript (compressed ".gzip").

IS&T/SID
January 1, 1997
G.D. Finlayson and M.S. Drew. White-Point Preserving Color Correction, 5th Color Imaging Conference: Color, Science, Systems and Applications, IS&T/SID, pp.258-261, Nov. 1997.
Download as postscript (compressed ".gzip").



January 1, 2000
Mark S. Drew and James Au, Video Keyframe Production by Efficient Clustering of Compressed Chromaticity Signatures, ACM Multimedia '00, November 2000. To appear.


January 1, 2000
Yinlong Sun, F. David Fracchia, and Mark S. Drew, A Physically-Based Dual Representation of Spectral Functions, Optical Engineering Journal, To appear, 2000.


January 1, 2000
Mark S. Drew and Cheng Lu, Construction of a Hierarchical Classifier Schema Using a Combination of Text-based and Image-based Approaches, Submitted for publication, 2000.


January 1, 2000
Mark S. Drew and James Au, Invited Paper: Video Summarization by Efficient Clustering of Compressed Chromaticity Signatures, To appear, The First IEEE Pacific-Rim Conference on Multimedia, University of Sydney, Australia, December 13-15, 2000.


January 1, 2000
Yinlong Sun, F. David Fracchia, and Mark S. Drew, A Composite Spectral Model and Its Applications, Eighth Color Imaging Conference, Scottsdale, Arizona. Nov., 2000. To appear.


January 1, 2000
Mark S. Drew and Michael H. Brill, Color from Shape from Color, Journal of the Optical Society of America A, To appear, 2000.


January 1, 2000
Mark S. Drew and Graham D. Finlayson, Spectral Sharpening with Positivity, Journal of the Optical Society of America A, To appear, 2000.


January 1, 2000
Yinlong Sun, F. David Fracchia, Mark S. Drew, and Thomas W. Calvert, Rendering Iridescent Colors of Optical Disks, Eurographics Workshop on Rendering 2000, Brno, Czech Republic, June 26-28, 2000. http://www.cs.sfu.ca/~mark/ftp/EGW00/renderCD.pdf


January 1, 2000
Mark S. Drew, Ze-Nian Li, and Xiang Zhong, Video Dissolve and Wipe Detection via Spatio-Temporal Images of Chromatic Histogram Differences, International Conference on Image Processing, Vancouver, Sept. 10-13, 2000, To appear.


January 1, 2000
Zinovi Tauber, Ze-Nian Li, and Mark S. Drew, Locale-based Visual Object Retrieval under Illumination Change, International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Barcelona, Sept. 3-8, 2000, To appear.


January 1, 2000
Ze-Nian Li, Zinovi Tauber, and Mark S. Drew, Locale-Based Object Search Under Illumination Change Using Chromaticity Voting And Elastic Correlation, IEEE International Conference on Multimedia, New York, July 31-Aug 2, 2000, To appear.


January 1, 2000
Yinlong Sun, F. David Fracchia, and Mark S. Drew, Rendering Diamonds, Western Computer Graphics Symposium 2000, March, 2000. ftp://fas.sfu.ca/pub/cs/mark/Skigraph00/renderDiamonds.pdf


January 1, 2000
Mark S. Drew, Zinovi Tauber, and Ze-Nian Li, Feature Localization and Search by Object Model under Illumination Change, Storage and Retrieval for Media Databases 2000, pp.399-410. January 2000. ftp://fas.sfu.ca/pub/cs/mark/Spie00/spie00.ps.gz


January 1, 1999
Yinlong Sun, Mark S. Drew and F. David Fracchia, Representing Spectral Functions by a Composite Model of Smooth and Spiky Components for Efficient Full-Spectrum Photorealism, IEEE Workshop on Photometric Modeling for Computer Vision and Graphics, Fort Collins, Colorado, June 22, pp.4-11, 1999. http://fas.sfu.ca/pub/cs/mark/Cvpr99_Pmcvg/pmcvg99.pdf


January 1, 1999
Yinlong Sun, F. David Fracchia, and Mark S. Drew, Rendering Phenomena of Volume Absorption in Homogeneous Transparent Materials, 2nd Annual IASTED International Conference on Computer Graphics and Imaging (CGIM'99), Palm Springs, California 25-27 October 1999, pp.283-288. http://fas.sfu.ca/pub/cs/mark/Cgim99/volumeAbs.ps.gz


January 1, 2002
Steven L. Kilthau, Mark S. Drew, and Torsten Mˆller, "Full Search Content Independent Block Matching based on the Fast Fourier Transform" , Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Image Processing, September 2002.


January 1, 2002
Steven L. Kilthau, Mark S. Drew, Torsten Mˆller, "Full Search Content Independent Block Matching based on the Fast Fourier Transform", Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Image Processing, pp. 669-672, September 2002.


January 1, 2002
Steven L. Kilthau, Mark S. Drew, Torsten Mˆller,\"Full Search Content Independent Block Matching based on the Fast Fourier Transform\", Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Image Processing, pp. 669-672, September 2002.


January 1, 2002
Full Search Content Independent Block Matching based on the Fast Fourier Transform

Interactive Spectral Volume Rendering
October 1, 2002
Steven Bergner, Torsten Möller, Mark S. Drew, Graham D. Finlayson. Interactive Spectral Volume Rendering, Proceedings of IEEE Visualization 2002, p. 101-108, October 2002.

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January 1, 1979
M.S. Drew and R. Selvege. Correspondence between solar load ratio method for passive water wall systems and fchart performance estimates. Solar Energy: Journal of the International Solar Energy Society, 23:327-331, 1979.

Towards automatic segmentation of conspicuous MS lesions in PD/T2 MR images including partial volume effects
February 1, 2000
M.S. Atkins, M.S. Drew, and Z Tauber.
Towards automatic segmentation of conspicuous MS lesions in PD/T2 MR images including partial volume effects.
Proceedings of the SPIE-Medical Imaging 2000, 3979:800-809, Feb 2000.

A Practical Approach to Spectral Volume Rendering
March 1, 2005
S. Bergner, T. Möller, M. K. Tory and M. Drew, "A Practical Approach to Spectral Volume Rendering", IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics, TVCG 11(2): 207-216, March 2005.

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